Causes of warts

Warts and verrucas are very common and most people will have at least one wart in their lives, usually on the hands or feet. But what causes warts and verrucas?

Warts are small growths on the skin that are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV causes hard protein (keratin) to grow in the upper layer of your skin and form small, irregular bumps that are rough to the touch. There are over 100 types of HPV, and different strains of the virus are responsible for different types of warts.

The viruses that cause warts are usually completely harmless. Some of the most prevalent types of warts are common warts, plantar warts and plane warts. Not everybody who comes into contact with wart viruses becomes infected. The reasons for this are not completely understood but your genetic makeup and immune system are likely involved. A family history of warts could make you more susceptible to the virus, and people who have a weakened immune system are also at higher risk. 

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Symptoms of warts

Wart symptoms can vary considerably. What are the most common signs?

What are warts?

Warts are small growths on the skin caused by a virus (HPV, human papilloma virus).

What causes warts and verrucas to spread?

The HPV virus enters your skin through dry and cracked skin, or a cut or scratch. Once you have become infected, the warts can spread from one place on your body to another, and your fingertips and the area around the nail may become infected from nail biting. Warts can also spread from one carrier to the next when broken skin comes into direct contact with a wart, for example through a handshake. Direct skin-to-skin contact is the most common way to become infected, but the virus can spread through indirect contact as well, via objects that carry infected skin cells that have peeled off from the wart. Sharing towels with people who have warts or walking barefoot in places like locker rooms and public showers can cause warts and verrucas to spread. They can also spread between different family members in your own home. By treating your warts, you can avoid infecting other people.

Treatment for warts and verrucas

Preventing warts can be difficult, since the virus that causes warts is everywhere. However, warts or verrucas are usually harmless but if you have been infected it is still recommended that you remove them to avoid spreading the virus to other parts of your body or other people. Most warts can be treated at home and there are many different wart removal products available at your local pharmacy. Salicylic acid or freezing the wart with DMEP gas at -57°c, have traditionally been the most common home treatment methods, But now there are new and more effective options available. For example products containing formic acid that effectively dries out the wart such as EndWarts PEN and the original EndWarts are two products that are easy to use, only needs to be applied once a week and leaves no trace on the skin.

Another new and effective treatment is freezing the wart with nitrous oxide, a much colder gas that freezes the wart at -80°c. EndWarts FREEZE contains Nitrous Oxide and in a comparative clinically study1  between EndWarts FREEZE and the market leader within cryotherapy for home treatment the results shows that four times more patients were cured with EndWarts FREEZE compared to the market leader. 

1 Laboratoire Dermscan (2016). Clinical trial to demonstrate the comparative efficacy of a cryogenic treatment (Medical device) in common and plantar warts management. Gdansk, Poland.



Endwarts PEN

EndWarts PEN

Precise application

Contains the same powerful and effective acid as the original EndWarts. This product is developed and designed with the consumer`s needs and desires in mind. A safe device for convenient handling.